The Limits On Economic Freedom

The Limits On Economic Freedom


The Limits On Economic Freedom

A person is economically free, if he can do what he wishes with his own property, time and effort.
In all communities , of course, limits are set upon this personal freedom.
In some countries the limits are complex; in others they are relatively simple.
All individual citizens are required to conform to the laws made by governments.
Complete economic freedom of action can cause great difficulties, because the freedoms of various individuals will conflict.
If citizens were completely free, some landowners might build factories in unsuitable places.
If there was no system of control, factory-owners might take their employees work too long each day.
If they were completely free, workers might stop working when they got their first pay, and come back to do more work only when they need more money.
Such economic freedom could create a very unstable economy.
Laws related to economic conditions are sometimes concerned with workers' health, wages and pensions.
They are sometimes concerned with contracts between employers and employees.
They are sometimes concerned with the location of places of work.
Sometimes they help the employers; sometimes they protect the interest of the workers.

Batas Kebebasan Ekonomi

Sistem ekonomi bebas itu adalah jika bisa melakukan apa yang di inginkan dengan modal, waktu dan usaha sendiri. Di dalam masyarakat, tentu saja, ada batasannya dalam melakukan kegiatan ekonomi. Di beberapa negara, batas kebebasan ekonominya itu kompleks; di lain sisi ada yang relatif sederhana. 
Semua warga negara diwajibkan untuk menyesuaikan diri dengan hukum yang dibuat oleh pemerintah.
Kebebasan ekonomi secara penuh dapat menyebabkan kesulitan besar, karena kebebasan dari berbagai individu akan menimbulkan konflik. Jika kebebasan ekonomi warga itu secara penuh, beberapa pemilik tanah mungkin membangun pabrik di tempat yang tidak cocok. Jika tidak ada aturan, pemilik pabrik mungkin mempekerjakan para karyawan untuk bekerja terlalu lama setiap hari. 
Jika kebebasan ini secara penuh, pekerja mungkin berhenti bekerja ketika mendapat gaji pertamanya, dan datang kembali untuk melakukan lebih banyak pekerjaan hanya ketika membutuhkan lebih banyak uang. 
kebebasan ekonomi seperti ini bisa mengakibatkan keadaan ekonomi menjadi tidak stabil. 
Hukum yang diterapkan dalam kondisi ekonomi yang seperti ini kadang-kadang memprihatinkan kesehatan para pekerja, upah dan dana pensiun. 
Mereka kadang-kadang prihatin dengan kontrak antara majikan dan karyawan. Mereka kadang-kadang prihatin dengan lokasi tempat kerja. 
Kadang-kadang mereka membantu pengusaha; kadang-kadang mereka melindungi kepentingan para pekerja.

EXERCISES

Answer these questions, basing your answers on the text.
  1. Under what conditions is a person economically free?
  2. What is the opposite of 'simple'?
  3. What are all citizens required to do?
  4. Why does complete economic freedom of action cause great difficulties?
  5. What three things might happen if citizens were completely free?
  6. What kind of economic might complete economic freedom create?
  7. What three workers needs are sometimes the concern of the law?
  8. Between whom are contracts arranged?
  9. What else might the laws relate to, besides workers needs and work contracts?
  10. What other important point should we note about laws related to economic conditions?

Answer

  1. A person is economical free, if he can do what he wishes with his owen property, time and energy. (in line 1)
  2. The opposite of  'simple' is 'complex'.
  3. All citizens are required to conform to the laws made by their goverments. (in line 5)
  4. It causes great difficulties because the freedoms of various individuals will conflict. ( in line 10)
  5. If they were completely free, some factory-owners might make their employees work too long each day, and workers might stop working when they got their first pay. (in line 10-15).
  6. It might create a very unstable economy. (in line 15)
  7. The three needs are health, wages and pensions. (in line 15-20)
  8. Contracts are arranged between employers and employees. (line 15-20)
  9. They might relate to the location of places of work. (line 20-25)
  10. We should note that these laws sometimes help the employers and somtimes protect the interests of the workers. (in line 25)




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