Kalimat Aktif dan Pasif Tenses Bahasa Inggris

Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Aktif dan Pasif Tenses Bahasa Inggris

Dalam kalimat aktif, Sesuatu yang melakukan tindakan adalah subjek kalimat dan sesuatu yang menerima tindakan adalah objek. Kebanyakan kalimat dalam bahasa inggris merupakan kalimat aktif. Sedangkan dalam kalimat pasif, sesuatu yang menerima tindakan adalah subjek kalimat dan sesuatu yang melakukan tindakan(bersifat opsional, dapat ditulis atau tidak) ditulis dekat dengan akhir kalimat. 

1. The Simple Present Tense

Rumus :
  • Aktif      : Subjeck + V1 (V+S/es) + Objeck
  • Pasif     : Subjek + is/am/are + past participle/V3
Contoh :

Aktif :  
  • He Buys a bag today                                                                                                
  • Ariana wants those books.

Pasif : 
  •  A bag bought by him today                                                                                            
  • The work is repaired by her immediately.   
  

2. The Present Continous Tense

Rumus :
  • Aktif      : Subjeck + am/is/are + Ving + Objeck
  • Pasif     :  is/am/are + Being + V3
Contoh :

Aktif :      
  • She is reading a book now                                                                                             
  • The engine is driving the train.
Pasif :    
  •  A book is being red by her now                                                                                     
  • The train is being driven by the engine

  3. The Present Perfect Tense

Rumus :
  • Aktif      : Have/has + V3
  • Pasif     : Have/has + Been + V3
Contoh :

Aktif :       
  •  I have written the letter  
  • Many peoples have visited that cemetery.
Pasif :      
  • The letter have been written by me                                                                                 
  • That cemetery has been visited by many peoples.

4. The Simple Past Tense

Rumus :
  • Aktif      : V2
  • Pasif     : Was / were + V3
Contoh :

Aktif :      
  • She sent the letter yesterday                                                                                         
  • Samadi repaired the radio.
Pasif :      
  • The letter was sent by her yesterday                                                                             
  • The radio was repaired by Samadi.

5. The Past Continous Tense

Rumus :
  • Aktif      : Was / were + Ving
  • Pasif     : Was / were + being + V3
Contoh :

Aktif :       
  • was cooking the rice                                                                                                     
  • The security was helping the customer when the thief came into the bank.
Pasif :      
  • The rice was being cooked by me                                                                                   
  • The customer was being helped by the security when the thief came into                        the bank.

6. The Past Perfect Tense

Rumus :
  • Aktif      : Had + V3
  • Pasif     : Had Been + V3
Contoh :

Aktif :       
  • She had opened the door                                                                                              
  •  Gerry had repaired many computers before he received his license.
Pasif :      
  • The door had been opened by her                                                                                 
  • Many computers had been repaired by Gerry before he received his                             license.

7. The Simple Future Tense

 Rumus :
  • Aktif      : Shall / Will + V3
  • Pasif     : Shall / Will + be + V3
Contoh :

Aktif :       
  •  They will wash the car tomorrow                                                                                     
  • Sam will finish the work by 7:00 PM.
Pasif :     
  •  The car will be washed by them tomorrow                                                                     
  • The work will be finished by 7:00 PM.

8. The Future Continous Tense

Rumus :
  • Aktif      : Shall / Will + be + Ving
  • Pasif     : Shall / Will + be + being + V3
Contoh :

Aktif :      
  • Luna and Rio will be loving to read book                                                                       
  • At 9:00 PM tonight, Josh will be cleaning the desk.
Pasif :      
  • To read book will be being loved by Luna and Rio                                                         
  • At 9:00 PM tonight, the desk will be being cleaned by Josh.

9. The Future Perfect Tense

Rumus :
  • Aktif      : Shall / Will + Have + V3
  • Pasif     : Shall / Will + Have + Been + V3
Contoh :

Aktif :       
  •  The students will have completed the  exam before closing time                                   
  • Peoples will have completed the job before the deadline.
Pasif :     
  • The exam will have been completed before closing time                                               
  • The job will have been completed before the deadline.

10. The Present Perfect Continious 

Rumus :
  • Aktif      : Have / Has + Been + Ving
  • Pasif     : Have / Has + Been + Being + V3
Contoh :

Aktif :      
  •  We have been learning english since 07.00 PM                                                             
  •  Recently, Joshua has been doing the job.
Pasif :      
  •  English has been being learned by us since 07.00 PM                                                 
  •  Recently, the job has been being done by Joshua.

11. The Past Perfect Continious Tense

Rumus :
  • Aktif      : Had Been + Ving
  • Pasif     : Had + Been + Being + V3
Contoh :

Aktif :      
  • They had been learning english since 2011     
  • The Chef had been preparing the dinners for three years before he moved                    to Swiss.
Pasif :     
  • English had been being learned by them since 2011                                                     
  • The dinners had been being prepared by the Chef for three years before                        he moved to Swiss.

12. The Future Perfect Continious Tense

Rumus :
  • Aktif      : Shall / Will + have + Been + Ving
  • Pasif     : Shall / Will + Have + Been + Being + V3
Contoh :

Aktif :       
  • She will have been watching TV                                                                                     
  •  Andi will have been painting the building for over six months by the time it                     is finished.
Pasif :      
  • The TV will have been being watched by her                                                            
  • The building will have been being painted by Andi for over six months by                       the time it is finished.
    
          

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